Ryan Crocker recently retired as Ambassador to Afghanistan. He has had a long and distinguished career in the U.S. Foreign Service including serving as Ambassador to Iraq (2007-2009), Ambassador to Pakistan (2004-2007), Ambassador to Syria (1998-2001), Ambassador to Kuwait (1994-1997), and Ambassador to Lebanon (1990-1993). From May to August 2003, Ambassador Crocker served in Iraq as the first Director of Governance for the Coalition Provisional Authority. He also served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs (2001-2003). Ambassador Crocker was assigned to the American Embassy in Beirut during the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982 and the bombings of the embassy and the Marine barracks in 1983. Ambassador Crocker is on leave of absence from Texas A&M University where he serves as Dean of the Bush School of Government and Public Service.